The Fidel Castro of this essay is a religious leader, more than a political one; King and Pontiff of a confessional order that merged what liberalism had separated: politics and religion, individual and community, state and society. The totalitarian nature of his regime did not imitate the socialist allies, but was the spontaneous fruit of the antiliberal matrix of Catholic populism: phalangism, Peronism, Chavismo are its closest relatives. Unanimous, hierarchical, corporate, inclusive but Manichean, his state was an ethical state dedicated to catechizing the faithful and converting infidels with the cross of his faith and the sword of his armies. His communism is to be understood as a Christian millenarianism.
Keywords: cuban populism, castrism and populism, organic community, christian millenarianism, fideistic communism.
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