Defining its ideology, Fascism tried to dialogue with religions thanks to the presumed spiritual nature of its doctrine and mysticism. The entry Fascism in the Enciclopedia italiana of 1932 and the conference of fascist mysticism of 1940 were attempts to describe fascism as a secular religion, an objective for which the regime also used official political magazines such as «Gerarchia». There, in the column Speculum – Cronache del pensiero religioso, between 1923 and 1938 an unknown editor who signed himself under the pseudonym of Fermi drew a ‘syncretic project’ for the achievement of harmony, or better unity, among the religious faiths present in the Italian nation, later changing it in a project for the unity among the Christian Churches alone. This utopian project confirmed the regime’s profound but instrumental attention to the religious sphere and the fascist interpretation of the crisis of modernity as a spiritual crisis that fascism would have solved.
Keywords: Secularization, Fascist Mysticism, «Gerarchia», Conciliation, Syncretism.
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